Regulating Charge Carrier Recombination in the Interconnecting Layer to Boost the Efficiency and Stability of Monolithic Perovskite/Organic Tandem Solar Cells
Haidi Yang 1 , Weijie Chen 1 , Yuan Yu 2 , Yunxiu Shen 1 , Heyi Yang 1 , Xinqi Li 1 , Ben Zhang 1 , Haiyang Chen 1 , Qinrong Cheng 1 , Zhichao Zhang 1 , Wei Qin 3 , Jing-De Chen 4 , Jian-Xin Tang 4 , Yaowen Li 1, 5, 6, * （李耀文）, Yongfang Li 1, 5, 7
1 Laboratory of Advanced Optoelectronic Materials, Suzhou Key Laboratory of Novel Semiconductor-optoelectronics Materials and Devices, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Soochow University, Suzhou, 215123, P. R. China.
2 School of Microelectronics, Shandong University, Jinan, 250100, P. R. China.
3 School of Physics, State Key Laboratory of Crystal Materials, Shandong University, Jinan, 250100, P. R. China.
4 Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Carbon-Based Functional Materials & Devices, Institute of Functional Nano & Soft Materials (FUNSOM), Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, 215123, P. R. China.
5 Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Negative Carbon Technologies, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, 215123, P. R. China.
6 State and Local Joint Engineering Laboratory for Novel Functional Polymeric Materials, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Polymer Design and Application, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Soochow University, Suzhou, 215123, P. R. China.
7 Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences, CAS Key Laboratory of Organic Solids, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100190, P. R. China.
Adv. Mater. 2022, 2208604
The charge carriers of single-junction solar cells can be fluently extracted and then collected by electrodes, leading to weak charge carrier accumulation and low energy loss (Eloss). However, in tandem solar cells (TSCs), it is a considerable challenge to obtain a balance between the densities of the holes and electrons extracted from the two respective subcells to facilitate an efficient recombination in the interconnecting layer (ICL). Herein, a charge-carrier-dynamic management strategy for inorganic perovskite/organic TSCs is proposed, centered on the simultaneous regulation of the defect states of CsPbI1.9Br1.1 perovskite in the front subcell and hole transport ability from the perovskite to ICL. The target hole density on the perovskite surface and the hole loss before reaching the ICL are significantly improved. As a result, the hole/electron density offset in the ICL can be effectively narrowed, leading to a balanced charge carrier recombination, which reduces the Eloss in TSCs. The resulting inorganic perovskite/organic 0.062-cm2 TSC exhibits a remarkable power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 23.17% with an ultrahigh open-circuit voltage (Voc) of 2.15 V, and the PCE of the 1.004-cm2 device (21.69%) exhibited a weak size-dependence. This charge-carrier-dynamic management strategy can also effectively enhance the operational and ultraviolet-light stabilities of the TSCs.