Anion-Exchange Membranes for Alkaline Fuel-Cell Applications: The Effects of Cations
Zhe Sun[a], Bencai Lin[b], and Feng Yan*[a]（严锋）
[a] Department of Polymer Science and Engineering College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science Soochow University, Suzhou, 215123 (P. R. China)
[b] School of Materials Science and Engineering Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering Jiangsu Province Cultivation Base for State Key Laboratory of Photovoltaic Science and Technology, Changzhou University Changzhou 213164, Jiangsu (P. R. China)
ChemSusChem2018, 11, 58--70
Alkaline anion-exchange membrane fuel cells (AEMFCs) are attracting much attention because of their potential use of nonprecious electrocatalysts. The anion-exchange membrane (AEM) is one of the key components of AEMFCs. An ideal AEM should possess high hydroxide conductivity and sufficient long-term durability at elevated temperatures in high-pH solutions. Herein, recent progress in research into the alkaline stability behavior of cations (including quaternary ammonium, imidazolium, guanidinium, pyridinium, tertiary sulfonium, phosphonium, benzimidazolium, and pyrrolidinium) and their analogous AEMs, which have been investigated by both experimental studies and theoretical calculations, is reviewed. Effects, including conjugation, steric hindrance e, sigma- hyperconjugation, and electrons, on the alkaline stability of cations and their analogous AEMs have been discussed. The aim of this article is to provide an overview of some key factors for the future design of novel cations and their analogous AEMs with high alkaline stability.