HER2-Specific Reduction-Sensitive Immunopolymersomes with High Loading of Epirubicin for Targeted Treatment of Ovarian Tumor
Lin Ding1, Wenxing Gu1, 2,Yifan Zhang1, Shujing Yue1, Huanli Sun*,1（孙欢利），Jeroen J. L. M. Cornelissen2,Zhiyuan Zhong*,1（钟志远）
1Biomedical Polymers Laboratory, and Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Polymer Design and Application, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, and State Key Laboratory of Radiation Medicine and Protection, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, P. R. China
2Department of Biomolecular Nanotechnology, MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
Biomacromolecules 201920 (10), 3855-3863
Monoclonal antibodies can effectively target to tumors in patients, as validated by antibody–drug conjugates (ADCs). The clinically used ADCs, nevertheless, are restricted to toxins only and suffer from low drug content, excessive use of antibody, and high cost. Here, we report on trastuzumab-decorated disulfide-cross-linked polymersomes (Tra-Ps) for specific delivery of epirubicin hydrochloride (EPI·HCl) to HER2-positive SKOV-3 ovarian tumor. EPI·HCl-loaded Tra-Ps (Tra-Ps-EPI) with a small size of 50–60 nm and varying Tra surface densities (0.5 to 2.4 Tra per Ps) were conveniently obtained via post-conjugation of thiolated trastuzumab onto the surface of maleimide-functionalized Ps-EPI with a drug loading content of 12.7 wt %. Interestingly, Tra-Ps with 1.3 trastuzumab on the surface exhibited a 6-fold higher binding affinity to the HER2 extracellular domain than that of native trastuzumab. In vitro studies revealed that Tra-Ps-EPI with long-term storage stability could rapidly release drugs under a reductive condition and efficiently deliver a large amount of EPI·HCl to HER2-positive SKOV-3 cells, leading to stronger cytotoxicity than the nontargeted Ps-EPI. Moreover, Tra-Ps-EPI displayed a long circulation time (ca. 8 h), deep tumor penetration, and superior tumor growth inhibition in SKOV-3 ovarian tumor-bearing nude mice, which were more effective than free EPI·HCl and nontargeted Ps-EPI. These HER2-specific reduction-sensitive immunopolymersomes with high loading of epirubicin emerge as an attractive treatment for HER2-positive tumors.