A Review: Crystal Growth for High-Performance All-inorganic Perovskite Solar Cells
Weijie Chen a, Xinqi Li a, Yaowen Li a*（李耀文）, Yongfang Li a,b
a Laboratory of Advanced Optoelectronic Materials, College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123, People’s Republic of China
b Beijing National Laboratory for Molecular Sciences; Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, People’s Republic of China
Energy Environ. Sci., 2020, 13, 1971--1996
Recently, halide perovskites have become one of the most promising materials for solar cells owing to their outstanding photoelectric performance. Among them, metal halide all-inorganic perovskites (CsPbX3; where X denotes a halogen) show superior thermal and light stability. In particular, the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of perovskite solar cells (pero-SCs) based on a CsPbX3 active layer has shown a steady increase from 2.7% to 19.03% with the improvement of the CsPbX3 crystal quality. In this review, we summarize methodologies that have been employed for controlling the growth of all-inorganic perovskite films so far, including precursor solution deposition, substrate modification, composition doping, and surface engineering. Furthermore, we discuss the effect of perovskite crystal characteristics on defects and perovskite film morphology, both of which are closely related to device performance. Finally,conclusions and perspectives are presented along with useful guidelines for developing all-inorganic pero-SCs with high PCE and robust stability.