Unique Supramolecular Liquid-Crystal Phases with Different Two-Dimensional Crystal Layers
Yi Hu1,+, Kuan-Yi Wu2,+, Tiantian Zhu1,+, Peng Shen1, Yi Zhou1, Xiaohong Li1, Chien-Lung Wang2, Yingfeng Tu1,*（屠迎锋）, and Christopher Y. Li3
1 College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Materials Science,Soochow University,Suzhou 215123 (China)
2 Department of Applied Chemistry, National Chiao Tung University
1001 Ta Hsueh Road, Hsinchu, 30010 (Taiwan)
3 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Drexel University
Philadelphia, PA 19104 (USA)
+ These authors contributed equally.
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.2018, 57, 13454--13458
We report herein a series of tetrablock‐mimic azobenzene‐containing fullerene dyads that form supramolecular liquid crystals (LCs) from phase‐segregated two‐dimensional (2D) crystals. The unique double‐, triple‐, and quadruple‐layer packing structure of fullerenes in the 2D crystals leads to different smectic supramolecular LC phases, and novel LC phase transitions were observed upon changes in the fullerene packing layer number in the 2D crystals. Interestingly, by combining the LC properties with 2D crystals, these materials show excellent electron mobility in the order of 10−3 cm2 V−1 s−1, despite their relatively low fullerene content. Our results provide a novel method to manipulate 2D crystal layer thickness, with promising applications in optoelectronic devices.